Education is a fundamental component of success, and it is particularly significant in the Latino community. Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States, making up approximately 18.7% of the population. However, Latinos have historically faced numerous barriers to education, from language barriers to socio-economic disadvantages. In this blog post, we will explore the past, present, and future of education for Latinos, including the progress that has been made and the challenges that still exist.
In the past, education for Latinos in the United States was limited, particularly for those who were undocumented or from low-income families. According to a report by the National Council of La Raza, only 58% of Latino students graduated from high school in 1990. In addition, there were few resources available to help Latino students navigate the education system, including limited access to bilingual education and college preparation programs.
Thankfully, there has been progress in recent years. According to the Pew Research Center, the high school dropout rate for Latinos has decreased from 34% in 2000 to 8% in 2019. Furthermore, Latino enrollment in college has steadily increased, with a 25% increase in college enrollment between 2000 and 2016. However, despite these improvements, there are still significant disparities in educational outcomes for Latinos compared to their non-Latino peers.
Looking towards the future, there is much work to be done to ensure that Latinos have equal access to quality education. One of the biggest challenges facing the Latino community is the growing achievement gap, with Latino students continuing to lag behind their non-Latino peers in reading and math proficiency. Additionally, Latino students are more likely to attend schools with higher rates of poverty and fewer resources. Addressing these disparities will require a concerted effort from educators, policymakers, and the broader community to provide the resources and support necessary for Latino students to succeed.
The success story of DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) recipients, who were able to attend college and work legally in the United States due to the program’s protections. According to a study by the Center for American Progress, approximately 454,000 young people who are DACA-eligible are currently enrolled in colleges and universities across the country.
The challenges faced by rural Latino students, who often lack access to the same educational resources and opportunities as their urban counterparts. According to a report by the Rural School and Community Trust, rural schools have lower rates of college readiness and graduation rates compared to urban and suburban schools.
According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2019, only 22% of Latino fourth-graders scored at or above proficient in reading, compared to 44% of non-Latino white students.
A report by the National Council of La Raza found that Latino students are more likely to attend schools with high poverty rates and fewer resources, including fewer advanced courses and experienced teachers.
“The Hispanic Educational Paradox: An Overview of the Landscape and Emerging Challenges.” National Council of La Raza, 2010.
“Trends in U.S. Latino College Enrollment.” Pew Research Center, 2018.
“Growing Share of Latinos Have Serious Concerns About Their Place in America and Their Children’s Future.” Pew Research Center, 2019.
“The Importance of DACA for Higher Education.” Center for American Progress, 2019.
“Why Rural Matters 2015-16.” Rural School and Community Trust, 2016.
Killer Title: From Struggle to Success: The Evolution of Education for Latinos
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